Yamaha VL70-m User Manual

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Summary of Contents of user manual for Yamaha VL70-m

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  • Page 2 FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.) 1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY tee that interference will not occur in all installations. THIS...
  • Page 3 SPECIAL MESSAGE SECTION This product utilizes batteries or an external power supply Battery Notice: (adapter). DO NOT connect this...
  • Page 4 Thank you for choosing a Yamaha VL70-m Virtual Acoustic Tone Generator. The VL70-m is a monophonic tone generator incor-...
  • Page 5About the Manual The VL70-m is a very unique tone generator that operates on totally new principles that were simply...
  • Page 6Contents Precautions 4 The VOICE PLAY Mode 31 The VOICE PLAY Main Control Mode . . . . 31 Virtual...
  • Page 7Filter & Envelope Generator Editing 66 Effects & Effect Editing 86 Amplitude & Filter EG . . . . ....
  • Page 8Precautions !! PLEASE READ THIS BEFORE PROCEEDING !! ■ Location Do not expose the instrument to the following conditions to...
  • Page 9 ■ Cleaning • Clean the cabinet and panel with a dry soft cloth. • A slightly damp cloth may...
  • Page 10Virtual Acoustic Synthesis Unlike previous tone generation systems which use oscillators, function genera- tors, preset waveforms or samples to produce...
  • Page 11 The VL70-m Model The overall VL70-m model or “algorithm” consists of three main blocks: the instrument, controllers, and modifiers....
  • Page 12 The Instrument The key block in this algorithm is the instrument, since it is here that the fundamental tone...
  • Page 13 The Controllers The input to an acoustic wind instrument comes from the player’s lungs, tra- chea, oral cavity, and...
  • Page 14 The Modifiers The modifiers block consists of 4 sections as shown in the diagram. Although these may appear to...
  • Page 15 There’s More … In this brief introduction to VL70-m basics we’ve only looked at the central physical model which...
  • Page 16The Controls & Connectors The following brief descriptions of the VL70-m controls and connectors should help you to understand the...
  • Page 17!2 [MIDI/WX] Button XG or VOICE sound module mode (page 27) Pressing this button alternately selects the VL70- pressing both...
  • Page 18 Rear Panel !8 DC IN Connector @0 MIDI IN, OUT and THRU Connectors The DC output cable from the...
  • Page 19Setting Up Power Supply Your VL70-m comes supplied with a Yamaha PA-3B AC adaptor. Plug the DC output cable from...
  • Page 20 MIDI Connections The VL70-m can be used with virtually any type of MIDI controller: key- board, wind controller, sequencer,...
  • Page 21 Breath Controller If you will be using the VL70-m with a keyboard, a breath controller is an essential expressive...
  • Page 22 WX-series Wind MIDI Controller The VL70-m is an ideal tone generator for use with a Yamaha WX-series Wind MIDI...
  • Page 23 G50 Guitar MIDI Converter The Yamaha G50 is a high-performance Guitar MIDI Converter designed to work in conjunction with...
  • Page 24 Connecting to a Personal Computer Although the VL70-m can be connected to a personal computer via the MIDI IN/OUT...
  • Page 25 Connecting to an IBM PC/AT Series Computer Connect the TO HOST connector of the VL70-m to the RS-232C port...
  • Page 26 Audio Connections ■ Headphones For private listening and practice headphones are ideal. You don’t have to hook up and...
  • Page 27 Power-on Procedure Always follow proper procedure when powering-up a sound system to minimize the possibility of damage to the...
  • Page 28 Play the Demo Once you’ve set up your VL70-m system, you might like to play the pre- programmed demo...
  • Page 29 The Supplied Demo Disk The VL70-m is supplied with a demonstration data disk which contains several songs which demonstrate...
  • Page 30Voice Organization and Sound Module Modes Voice Organization The VL70-m voices are organized into four main banks. Additional banks are...
  • Page 31 The VL70-m Sound Module Modes The VL70-m has two main Sound Module Modes: VOICE and VL-XG. It is important...
  • Page 32 The VL-XG Mode In this mode the VL70-m functions as an “XG expansion” tone generator module. The VL-XG mode...
  • Page 33 Selecting the VOICE or VL-XG Sound Module Mode The current sound module mode is indicated by the triangular pointer...
  • Page 34 ■ VL Extension for XG The VL Extension for XG (“VL Extension for XG” is abbreviated to VL-XG) included...
  • Page 35The VOICE PLAY Mode When the VOICE sound module mode is selected (see “The VL70-m Sound Module Modes, page 27),...
  • Page 36DevNo. (Device Number) Volume Settings: 001 … 016, all Settings: 000 … 127 The Device Number parameter must be set...
  • Page 37ChoRtn (Chorus Return) Settings: 000 … 127 Adjusts the level of the signal returned from the VL70-m chorus effect stage....
  • Page 38 The VOICE PLAY Sub-control Mode The sub control mode can be selected from the main control mode by simultaneously...
  • Page 39(Bank Pointer) ChoSend (Chorus Send) Settings: Pr1, Pr2, Cst Settings: 000 … 127 This parameter refers to the bank containing...
  • Page 40The VL-XG PLAY Mode When the VL-XG sound module mode is selected (see “The VL70-m Sound Module Modes, page 27),...
  • Page 41 The VL-XG PLAY Main Control Mode This mode is initially engaged when the VL-XG sound module mode is selected....
  • Page 42Rcv CH (Receive Channel) Volume Settings: 01 … 16, OFF Settings: 000 … 127 Sets the MIDI receive channel on...
  • Page 43RevSend (Reverb Send) NoteSft (Note Shift) Settings: 000 … 127 Settings: -24 … 0 … +24 Adjusts the level of...
  • Page 44 The VL-XG PLAY Sub-control Mode The sub control mode can be selected from the main control mode by simultaneously...
  • Page 45: FilterDevNo. (Device Number) ChoRtn (Chorus Return) Settings: 001 … 016, all Settings: 000 … 127 The Device Number parameter must...
  • Page 46Controllers & Control Editing If you’ve read the “Virtual Acoustic Synthesis” section (if you haven’t, please do so — page...
  • Page 47● Physical Controllers First, here’s a list of some of the physical controllers you might want to use with the...
  • Page 48 Control No. Controller off(32) off (used by Bank Select LSB) 33~37 Unassigned 38 Data Entry LSB 39~63 Unassigned 64...
  • Page 49● VL70-m Controller Parameters Any of the physical controllers listed above can be assigned to control any of the VL70-m’s...
  • Page 50 Accessing & Editing the Control Param- eters The CONTROL EDIT mode can be accessed from the VOICE PLAY mode...
  • Page 516. Repeat As Necessary Repeat steps 4 and 5 to edit as many parameters as required. 7. Exit When Done...
  • Page 52: Pitch Bend The Control Edit Parameters Please note that a number of CONTROL EDIT parameters which are avail- able in the...
  • Page 53: AftertouchEmbouchure ..................................................................................... 57 22: Emb CC No. (Embouchure Control Change Number) 23: EmbUpprDpt (Embouchure Upper Control Depth) 24: EmbLowrDpt (Embouchure...
  • Page 54: Assignable Controller ● VL-XG Sound Module Mode Control Edit Parameters Refer to the page numbers listed for full details on each...
  • Page 55: PressureThroat Formant ............................................................................... 62 24: Thr CC No. (Throat Formant Control Change Number) 25: ThrCtrlDpt (Throat Formant Control Depth) Harmonic...
  • Page 56: Amplitude● Control Edit Parameter Descriptions The small parameter numbers in parentheses apply in the VL-XG sound module mode. Pitch Bend...
  • Page 57: Embouchure Modulation Wheel Aftertouch 04(04): MWLFO PMod 06(06): ATFil Ctrl • Modulation Wheel LFO Pitch Modulation • Aftertouch Filter Control...
  • Page 58: Tonguing Assignable Controller amplitude to increase in response to increasing controller values, while minus values cause the 08(08): AC1 CC...
  • Page 59: Scream Pressure 15: Prs Curve (VOICE mode only) • Pressure Curve 13(12): Prs CC No. • Settings: -16 … +16...
  • Page 60: Breath Noise eliminate types. Some voices use very little relatively little effect on the sound while higher filter processing at all....
  • Page 61: Growlpressure or higher modulation wheel position), Embouchure while minus values cause a decrease in amplitude in response to higher controller...
  • Page 62: Harmonic Enhancer24: EmbLowrDpt (VOICE mode only) 25: Emb Mode (VOICE mode only) • Embouchure Lower Control Depth • Embouchure Mode •...
  • Page 63: Damping27(17): TngCtrlDpt Scream • Tonguing Control Depth • Settings: -127 … +127 (VL-XG Mode: -64 … +63) 29(18): Scr CC...
  • Page 64: Absorption31: Scr Curve (VOICE mode only) • The “BnzCtrlDpt” parameter, below, must be • Scream Curve set to an appropriate...
  • Page 65represents the controller value and the vertical axis Sets the amount of variation produced by the represents breath noise. controller...
  • Page 66 Throat Formant 40: Thr Curve (VOICE mode only) • Throat Formant Curve 38(24): Thr CC No. • Settings: -16...
  • Page 67 or lower than “-01”) for harmonic enhancer change in harmonic enhancer depth. As the curve control to have any...
  • Page 68Sets the amount of variation produced by the Absorption controller assigned to damping. The higher the value the greater the...
  • Page 6949: Abs Curve (VOICE mode only) • Absorption Curve • Settings: -16 … +16 Determines the relationship between the controller...
  • Page 70Filter & Envelope Generator Editing The VL70-m has two envelope generators which can be independently pro- grammed to produce time-based...
  • Page 71: Filter Accessing & Editing the Filter & EG Param- eters The FILTER & EG EDIT mode can be accessed from...
  • Page 72: Amplitude & Filter Envelope 5. Edit the Selected Parameter Use the VALUE [-] and [+] buttons to set the value of the selected...
  • Page 73: Pitch & Embouchure Envelope The Filter & EG Edit Parameters Please note that a number of FIL&EG EDIT parameters which are available in...
  • Page 74 ● VL-XG Sound Module Mode Filter & EG Edit Parameters Refer to the page numbers listed for full details...
  • Page 75● Filter & EG Edit Parameter Descriptions The small parameter numbers in parentheses apply in the VL-XG sound module mode....
  • Page 76the breakpoint note specified by the “CutoffScBP” Amplitude & Filter Envelope parameter, above. A setting of “+00” produces no level...
  • Page 7710(08): ReleaseTime lowering of amplitude level down the scale. • Amplitude & Filter Envelope Release Time Negative values apply scaling...
  • Page 7814(10): PEGAtakTime ■ NOTES • Pitch & Embouchure Envelope Attack Time • The effect of the Pitch & Embouchure EG...
  • Page 79: DetuneOther Edit Parameters The OTHERS EDIT mode provides access to a range of editable voice param- eters that do fall...
  • Page 80: Assignment 5. Edit the Selected Parameter Use the VALUE [-] and [+] buttons to set the value of the selected...
  • Page 81: Note Limits The “Others” Edit Parameters Please note that a number of OTHERS EDIT parameters which are available in the VOICE...
  • Page 82: Dry Level ● VL-XG Sound Module Mode “Others” Edit Parameters Refer to the page numbers listed for full details on each...
  • Page 83● “Others” Edit Parameter Descriptions The small parameter numbers in parentheses apply in the VL-XG sound module mode. Vibrato Sets...
  • Page 84 Assignment & Expansion 08: PolyExpnd (VOICE mode only) • Polyphonic Expansion 06(05): Mono/Poly • Settings: 0ff, 02>01, 02>02, 03>01,...
  • Page 85• Polyphonic Expansion will not function when The horizontal axis represents keyboard velocity the “06(05): Mono/Poly” parameter is set to...
  • Page 86 Portamento 15(11): Porta Time • Portamento Time 13: Porta Mode (VOICE mode only) • Settings: 000 … 127 •...
  • Page 8717: Voice Name (VOICE mode only) • Voice Name • Settings: A voice name of up to 8 characters. To...
  • Page 88The Store Function Once you’ve created a new voice in the edit mode, it’s necessary to store the voice to...
  • Page 895. Press [ENTER] to Store Press the [ENTER] button to store the voice. “Executing” will appear on the display briefly...
  • Page 90Effects & Effect Editing The VL70-m features a versatile internal effects system which consists of four independent effect stages: REVERB,...
  • Page 91parameters available in the PLAY mode (pages 32 and 41). The “SendCho→Rev” parameter (page 91) can be used to send...
  • Page 92 Accessing & Editing the Effect Parameters The EFFECT sub-modes — REV, CHO, VAR, and DIST — and the param-...
  • Page 936. Repeat As Necessary Repeat steps 4 and 5 to edit as many parameters as required. 7. Exit When Done...
  • Page 94 The Reverb Parameters The reverb effects are essential to give your sound ambience and a sense of dimension, adding...
  • Page 95 The Chorus Parameters The VL70-m chorus stage actually includes a number of modulation-type effects that can be used to...
  • Page 96 The Variation Parameters The variation stage includes reverb, delay, echo, modulation, distortion, wah, and a range of other effects....
  • Page 97control allows one of the selected variation effect higher the value, the more variation signal is sent parameters to be...
  • Page 98 The Distortion Parameters Distortion is an excellent way to drastically change a sound — although subtle distortion settings can...
  • Page 99Breath Settings The Breath Setting includes a number of setting that determine how the VL70- m responds to breath control...
  • Page 100 The Breath Parameters Breath Mode Breath Curve • Settings: BC/WX, Velocity, Touch EG • Settings: -16 … +16 Sets...
  • Page 101The Utility Mode The UTILITY mode provides access to a range of parameters that affect basic operation of the VL70-m,...
  • Page 102 The System Parameters The UTILITY SYSTEM sub-mode includes parameters that affect overall operation of the VL70- m. M.Tune WX...
  • Page 103Contrast • When the VL-XG sound module mode is • Display Contrast selected and a program change number correspond- •...
  • Page 104 The Dump Out Function The Dump Out function allows VL70-m setup and system exclusive data to be transmitted to...
  • Page 1052. Press [ENTER] Press the [ENTER] button to go to the confirmation/select display for the selected data type. 3. Select...
  • Page 106 The Initialize Function The VL70-m Initialize function includes two sub-modes — “Factory Set” and “System Initialize”. “Factory Set” initialization...
  • Page 107Appendix Show Control Change Show Exclusive This function displays the MIDI control change This function displays the MIDI system data...
  • Page 108 The Message Window ■ Message Window Data Format The VL70-m Message Window function makes The format for message window...
  • Page 109 Bitmap Window 1 2 3 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 3 0 0 1 4 0...
  • Page 110 After converting all 48 rows in the example we have the following hexadecimal bytes: Checksum Some VL70-m system exclusive...
  • Page 1112. Add all the converted numbers. Troubleshooting 3. Divide the total by 128 and note the remain- The VL70-m is...
  • Page 112Symptom • Is the PLAY mode Master Volume parameter • No sound. set properly (page 41)? Possible Causes • Is...
  • Page 113Symptom Symptom • No effects. • Cannot receive MIDI bulk data. Possible Causes Possible Causes • Are the effect send...
  • Page 114 Answers to Some Com- pipe or string. Simply stated, the harmonic balance of the voice when played in the...
  • Page 1156. Why do some bowed string instrument voices 8. Why do some voices not respond as expected tend to “squeek”?...
  • Page 116 Error Messages This Parameter isn’t Excl Data The parameter selected for viewing using the Show When an operational error...
  • Page 117 ■ Display Specifications Custom backlit liquid crystal display 6 LED indicators ■ Tone Generator Type S/VA (Self-oscillating Virtual ■...
  • Page 118Index A Custom voice bank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
  • Page 119H Pitch Bend LFO Pitch Modulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
  • Page 120U UTIL button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
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  • Page 122For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha or the Die Einzelheiten zu Produkten sind bei Ihrer unten aufgeführten...
  • Page 123M.D.G., EMI Division © Yamaha Corporation 1996 VV11820 606POCP3.2-01A0 Printed in Japan
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