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Macintosh Performa
User’s Guide
Includes setup, troubleshooting, and health-related information
for Macintosh Performa 640 series DOS Compatible computers

Содержание для справочник пользователя Apple DualCam 640

  • Страница 1 Macintosh Performa User’s Guide Includes setup, troubleshooting, and health-related information for Macintosh Performa 640 series DOS Compatible computers
  • Страница 2K Apple Computer, Inc. © 1995 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved. Under the copyright laws, this manual may not...
  • Страница 3 Contents Communications regulation information vii Preface Your DOS-Compatible Macintosh Performa Computer ix 1 Getting Started 1 Plugging in the...
  • Страница 4 2 Getting Help 17 Getting answers to your questions 18 Identifying objects on the screen 26 Learning useful shortcuts...
  • Страница 56 Configuring the PC Environment 63 Choosing settings 64 Configuring the PC serial ports 65 Setting the monitor 66 Setting...
  • Страница 6 Appendix A Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips 121 Health-related information about computer use 121 Safety instructions 126 Handling your...
  • Страница 7Communications regulation information FCC statement This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class...
  • Страница 8 DOC statement DOC Class B Compliance This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise...
  • Страница 9Your DOS-Compatible Macintosh Performa Computer Your Macintosh Performa includes hardware and software that let you use DOS and Windows directly...
  • Страница 10 m share the random-access memory (RAM) in your Macintosh with the PC environment, or use a memory module (SIMM)...
  • Страница 11 Monitor Macintosh Performa DOS-compatible computer Keyboard cable (permanently attached to the keyboard) Keyboard Mouse Monitor cable Computer power cord...
  • Страница 12 Follow the instructions in this chapter to set up your computer and learn the basics. 1 Getting Started The...
  • Страница 13 When you are ready to begin, follow these steps: 1 Plug the socket end of the computer’s power cord...
  • Страница 14Installing an expansion card If you purchased any expansion cards for your Macintosh or extra memory for use in the...
  • Страница 15 2 Connect the monitor power cord to the monitor. On some monitors, the cord is already attached. 3 Plug...
  • Страница 16 Connecting the monitor cable After you plug in the monitor power cord, you connect the monitor cable to the...
  • Страница 17 Connecting the mouse and keyboard 1 Plug the mouse cable into the recessed port on the back of the...
  • Страница 182 Plug the keyboard cable into the port marked with the ◊ icon on the back of the computer. V...
  • Страница 19 Connecting other equipment If you are new to the Macintosh, it’s a good idea to get some experience using...
  • Страница 20 3 Check to see what’s on your screen. m If you see the Macintosh desktop, as in the illustration...
  • Страница 21 Problems turning your computer on? If you don’t see anything on the screen, check these items to see if...
  • Страница 22What’s next? Congratulations! You’ve finished setting up your computer. Now continue with one of the following steps: m If you...
  • Страница 23 Learning the basics If you are new to the Macintosh, you should begin by looking at the easy- to-use...
  • Страница 24 If you don’t see the Performa Tutorial picture on your screen, put the arrow on the word “Learning” and...
  • Страница 25 Turning the computer off To turn the computer off: 1 Press the Power key (marked with a triangle) on...
  • Страница 26Where to find answers When you have questions about using your Macintosh, there are several places you can look for...
  • Страница 27 Use the instructions in this chapter to learn about the help available to you in the Guide menu. 2...
  • Страница 28 Getting answers to your questions When you have a question while working with your computer, you can get the...
  • Страница 293 Notice the three buttons at the top of the window: Topics, Index, and Look For. Macintosh Guide gives you...
  • Страница 30 2 Click “Setting Options” in the list of topics. When you click any topic area, a list of related...
  • Страница 31 Getting answers with the Index button 1 In the Macintosh Guide window, click the Index button. An alphabetical list...
  • Страница 32 4 Click the question “How do I change the background pattern?” and then click OK. Or double-click the question....
  • Страница 33 Getting answers with the Look For button 1 In the Macintosh Guide window, click the Look For button. A...
  • Страница 34 4 Click the question “How do I change the beep sound?” and then click OK. Or double- click the...
  • Страница 35Tips for using Macintosh Guide Here are a few tips for using Macintosh Guide effectively: m Macintosh Guide is available...
  • Страница 36 Identifying objects on the screen Sometimes you’ll see an unfamiliar item on the screen and ask yourself, “What’s that?”...
  • Страница 37Learning useful shortcuts You can perform many tasks in the Finder more quickly if you use keyboard or mouse shortcuts....
  • Страница 38 3 Read about the shortcuts available for the category you selected. Click the right arrow in the lower-right corner...
  • Страница 39 Read this chapter for information on expanding your computer system with additional hardware. 3 Connecting Additional Equipment The illustration...
  • Страница 40 Where to connect additional equipment The illustration on this page shows where equipment should be connected to your computer....
  • Страница 41Connecting an Apple PlainTalk Microphone Your computer has a sound input port, which you can use to connect an Apple...
  • Страница 42 Connecting external stereo speakers You can take advantage of your computer’s stereo sound output by attaching externally powered (amplified)...
  • Страница 43 5 Connect the speakers together with speaker wires, if necessary. 6 Turn on the computer. You hear the computer’s...
  • Страница 44 Expanding memory You can install additional random-access memory (RAM) in your computer, which allows you to work with more...
  • Страница 45 Read this chapter to learn how to work with application programs and protect the information on your disks while...
  • Страница 46 Installing Macintosh application programs You may want to buy and install additional application programs. See the manuals you receive...
  • Страница 47Working with several programs at a time You can open as many application programs and desk accessories as your computer’s...
  • Страница 48 Hiding and showing windows on the desktop You can hide all windows except those of the active program by...
  • Страница 49To back up files in the Macintosh environment, copy the files to a disk manually or use a Macintosh backup...
  • Страница 50 Follow the instructions in this chapter to start working in the PC environment on your Macintosh. 5 Operating in...
  • Страница 51 Switching between the Macintosh and PC environments You switch between the Mac OS and the PC environment using the...
  • Страница 52 Switching with a keyboard command You can set a keyboard command, or “hot key,” to switch between the Mac...
  • Страница 53 3 Turn off the Shut Down Warning option in the General Controls panel. If the Shut Down Warning is...
  • Страница 54Memory management utilities If you use a memory management utility such as EMM386 or QEMM, you need to configure it...
  • Страница 55 Working in the PC environment When you switch to DOS or Windows, you’re operating in a real PC world....
  • Страница 56CD-ROM discs and drives Your DOS-compatible Macintosh allows you to use CD-ROM discs that run on DOS and Windows. To...
  • Страница 57 Pointing device The standard Macintosh pointing device (such as a mouse or trackball) has one button; most PC devices...
  • Страница 58PC key Equivalent on Macintosh keyboard F1 through F9 x-1 through 9 F10 x-0 F11 x-(minus) F12 x-(equal) F13 x-[...
  • Страница 59 For example, if you use M as your LASTDRIVE value, you could have up to nine extra drives using...
  • Страница 60 If you don’t have a DOS mouse driver installed, follow these steps to copy and paste information using DOSCLIP:...
  • Страница 61 Key Scan code Key Scan code 0 11 ' " 40 1 2 , < 51 2 3 -...
  • Страница 62Key Scan code Key Scan code F1 59 F7 65 F2 60 F8 66 F3 61 F9 67 F4 62...
  • Страница 63 Tips for using the Clipboard When the PC environment is running, you have three separate clipboards to work with—the...
  • Страница 64 m When using DOSCLIP from within certain application programs, it may not be possible to select the text using...
  • Страница 65 If you want to use the IPX protocol in the PC environment and you have installed MacIPX in the...
  • Страница 66Using Macintosh peripheral devices in the PC environment You use the serial ports of your Macintosh just like the serial...
  • Страница 67 The Epson emulator works by first translating the DOS text to a similar Macintosh font, then interpreting that text...
  • Страница 68 IMPORTANT If you try to print a file using a PostScript printer driver for a non-PostScript printer, and the...
  • Страница 69 3 Choose Preferences from the File menu. A dialog box appears. 4 Choose your settings as appropriate. The selection...
  • Страница 70Using PC peripheral devices Because of the RS-422 implementation of the Macintosh, the following RS-232 signals are not available to...
  • Страница 71 Use the instructions in this chapter if you need to change settings for the PC environment. 6 Configuring the...
  • Страница 72 Choosing settings To choose settings, follow these steps: 1 Choose Control Panels from the Apple (K) menu. 2 Double-click...
  • Страница 73Configuring the PC serial ports Your DOS-compatible Macintosh supports two serial ports, COM1 and COM2. You can assign these ports...
  • Страница 74 Setting the monitor The monitor connected to your Macintosh DOS-compatible system displays the environment (Mac OS or PC) you’re...
  • Страница 75Setting shared memory You can install a 72-pin SIMM (Single Inline Memory Module) on the DOS- compatibility card in your...
  • Страница 76 Changing the amount of conventional memory Many DOS and Windows programs require conventional memory to run. At the same...
  • Страница 77Choosing shared folders or volumes You can set up a Mac OS folder, Macintosh hard disk, shared disk, or CD-ROM...
  • Страница 78 Using shared folders Because two operating systems have access to each shared folder, you may notice a decrease in...
  • Страница 79Turning on PC sounds To have Sound Blaster and other PC sounds played through the Macintosh speaker or through headphones,...
  • Страница 80 The Sound Blaster card installed in your DOS-compatible Macintosh is not able to record sounds. The DOS-compatible Macintosh does...
  • Страница 81 m To change the drive container for drive C or D, choose Other Drive File from the C: or...
  • Страница 82 2 Double-click the container’s disk icon. The icon opens and you have access to the files inside it. You...
  • Страница 833 Locate the container in the Finder. 4 Open the container’s Info window and note the container’s size. To open...
  • Страница 84 11 Add the sums from steps 9 and 10. The resulting sum is the size that the new container...
  • Страница 853 Press x-Return to switch back to the Mac OS when copying is finished. 4 In the PC Setup control...
  • Страница 86 Understanding the status line The status line at the bottom of the control panel gives you messages about the...
  • Страница 87 Consult this chapter if you experience problems using the Mac OS. 7 Troubleshooting in the Macintosh Environment When you...
  • Страница 88 Take your time When you see an error message, you don’t have to take action immediately. The message stays...
  • Страница 89 Start over Often you can eliminate a problem simply by clearing the computer’s memory and starting over. If you...
  • Страница 90 Rebuild your desktop regularly A process known as “rebuilding the desktop” helps your Macintosh keep track of data on...
  • Страница 91Solutions to common problems The computer is turned on but the screen is dark. One of the following is probably...
  • Страница 92 The computer’s clock keeps time inaccurately. Your computer has a clock that runs continuously. When the computer is turned...
  • Страница 93A disk icon with an X appears in the middle of the screen, and a floppy disk is ejected from...
  • Страница 94 The Macintosh “hangs” or “freezes” during startup. If the Mac OS is sharing 16 MB or more of memory...
  • Страница 95Icons do not appear correctly on your screen. You need to rebuild the desktop—a process that helps your Macintosh keep...
  • Страница 96 You can’t start an application program or it quits unexpectedly. Or, when you try to open a program, you...
  • Страница 97A dialog box with a bomb appears. Your system has a software problem. m Note what you were doing when...
  • Страница 98 The pointer (8) doesn’t move when you move the mouse. One of the following situations is probably the cause....
  • Страница 99Typing on the keyboard produces nothing on the screen. One of the following is probably the cause: m Some system...
  • Страница 100 You can’t open a document, or you see a message that an application program can’t be found. The Macintosh...
  • Страница 101You experience problems using a DOS document. If you can’t open a DOS document using a Macintosh program, try the...
  • Страница 102 The Mac OS is running out of memory even though you aren’t running any PC programs. When sharing memory...
  • Страница 103Repairing a damaged disk If you see a message reporting that a disk is damaged or unreadable, you may need...
  • Страница 104 Starting up from a CD-ROM disc To test, repair, or initialize a hard disk, or to install system software...
  • Страница 105 If you see the Macintosh desktop 1 Press the Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive to open the CD-ROM...
  • Страница 106 Problems starting up from the CD? If you’ve followed the steps in the previous sections and the Macintosh Performa...
  • Страница 107 Checking for damage on your internal hard disk You can check for damage on your internal hard disk with...
  • Страница 108 How to repair a hard disk or floppy disk You can repair some types of disk damage by using...
  • Страница 1094 Click Repair to begin testing and repairing the disk. If you want to test and repair another disk, click...
  • Страница 110 Initializing a hard disk The hard disk inside your computer was initialized (formatted for use) at the factory, so...
  • Страница 111Installing or reinstalling Mac OS system software System software is the set of programs and other files that your computer...
  • Страница 112 How to install or reinstall Mac OS system software You can install or reinstall system software by following the...
  • Страница 113 Consult this chapter if you have problems using the PC environment on your Macintosh. 8 Troubleshooting in the PC...
  • Страница 114 When you try to switch to DOS, the screen is blank or has no synchronization. If the monitor has...
  • Страница 115When you switch to the PC environment, you see this message: “Non-system disk or disk error. Replace and strike any...
  • Страница 116 You switch to the PC environment and don’t know how to switch back to the Mac OS. Press x-Return...
  • Страница 117The PC Setup icon has a red slash through it at startup. If PC Setup doesn’t have enough memory to...
  • Страница 118 The Mac OS is running out of memory even though you aren’t running any PC programs. When sharing memory...
  • Страница 119 When you start up certain software in the PC environment, your monitor shows a jumbled image and the display...
  • Страница 120 Reinstalling Mac OS software You’ll install several extensions and control panels in your System Folder. 1 Start up your...
  • Страница 121 Creating a drive container A drive container is a file on a Macintosh hard disk that acts as a...
  • Страница 122 3 Choose a location for the drive container. The drive container can be on any hard disk attached to...
  • Страница 123 Assigning RAM to the PC environment The PC environment needs memory to operate. You can provide memory with a...
  • Страница 124 Reinstalling PC software You begin by installing the Microsoft MS-DOS operating system included with your computer. You can also...
  • Страница 125 Installing additional PC software Your DOS-compatible computer comes with additional software utilities that you may want to install. The...
  • Страница 126 Replacing the CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files Your DOS-compatible software includes alternative versions of the CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files that...
  • Страница 127If you do not intend to use software that requires expanded memory (EMS), make the following change: DEVICE=C:\DOS\EMM386.EXE NOEMS RAM=D000-EFFF...
  • Страница 128 Bypassing the CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files at startup To bypass the CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files during the startup process,...
  • Страница 129 Read this appendix for important health and safety instructions, as well as tips on keeping your computer in good...
  • Страница 130 Musculoskeletal discomfort As with any activity that involves sitting for long periods of time, using a computer can make...
  • Страница 131Eye fatigue Eye fatigue can occur whenever the eyes are focused on a nearby object for a long time. This...
  • Страница 132 You may have to raise your chair so your forearms and hands are at the proper angle to the...
  • Страница 133Avoiding fatigue m Change your seated position, stand up, or stretch whenever you start to feel tired. Frequent short breaks...
  • Страница 134 Safety instructions For your own safety and that of your equipment, always take the following precautions. Turn off the...
  • Страница 135Handling your computer equipment Follow these guidelines for handling your computer and its components: m When setting up your computer,...
  • Страница 136 Handling the monitor Follow these procedures for handling a monitor: m Turn down the screen brightness control if you...
  • Страница 137Handling floppy disks Store disks at Do not use a temperatures pencil or an between 50° F eraser on a...
  • Страница 138 If you can’t eject a floppy disk If you can’t eject a floppy disk in the usual way, try...
  • Страница 139Cleaning your equipment Follow these general rules when cleaning the outside of your computer and its components: m Use a...
  • Страница 140 2 Turn the mouse upside down and turn the plastic ring on the bottom counterclockwise to disengage it. If...
  • Страница 141 8 Put the ball and the ring back in place. Your mouse should roll smoothly across your mouse pad...
  • Страница 142 To unlock the mouse, follow these steps: 1 Insert a straightened paper clip into the hole on the plastic...
  • Страница 143 Read this appendix for instructions on installing an expansion card in your computer or memory for the PC environment....
  • Страница 144 If your computer does not already have a SIMM installed on the DOS-compatibility card, you can add a SIMM...
  • Страница 145m a video-in slot for a card that brings signals into the computer from a videocassette recorder (VCR), laserdisc player,...
  • Страница 146 Opening the computer 1 Shut down your computer by choosing Shut Down from the Special menu. You can also...
  • Страница 1475 If there are security screws on the vertical plate on the back of the computer, remove them with a...
  • Страница 148 Installing a communication card 1 If your communication card has ports for connecting equipment, remove the plastic access cover...
  • Страница 149 4 Align the card over the communication slot. Vertical plate Communication port access hole Communication slot 5 Press down...
  • Страница 150 Removing a SIMM If your computer has a SIMM already installed on the DOS-compatibility card, follow these steps to...
  • Страница 1513 Gently pull the SIMM out of its slot. Hold the SIMM only by its sides. Don’t touch the connectors...
  • Страница 152 Installing a SIMM 1 Remove the SIMM from its static-proof bag. Handle the SIMM by its edges. Avoid touching...
  • Страница 1533 Rotate the SIMM gently to the back until you feel it snap into place. Rotate the SIMM back until...
  • Страница 154 Closing the computer 1 Slip the base of the logic board into the guide rails inside the computer case...
  • Страница 1552 Press the reset button on the logic board, and then slide the logic board back into the computer. Note:...
  • Страница 156 4 Slip the three hooks at the base of the back panel into the grooves in the computer case....
  • Страница 157 Read this appendix to learn how to use the special keys on your keyboard. Appendix C Special Keys on...
  • Страница 158 Special keys on Apple keyboards (continued) Control key control In combination with other keys, this key provides shortcuts or...
  • Страница 159Typing special characters and symbols In the Mac OS, you can type a variety of international and other special symbols...
  • Страница 160 If you see rectangles: If you see rectangles instead of diacritical marks on some of the pictures of keys...
  • Страница 161 Read this appendix for instructions on installing PC network management software. Appendix D Installing Network Management Software The DOS-compatibility...
  • Страница 162 In addition, you need to know the Ethernet frame type in use on your network segment. You must choose...
  • Страница 16312 Use the arrow keys to choose the appropriate frame type for the Novell server you will be using. 13...
  • Страница 164 Conserving memory During NetWare client installation, you add the line CALL C:\NWCLIENT\STARTNET.BAT to the beginning of the AUTOEXEC.BAT file....
  • Страница 165Installing Novell’s LAN Workplace for DOS TCP/IP software IMPORTANT You must not have MacTCP installed when you run DOS TCP/IP...
  • Страница 166 m If you are on a network with a subnet mask, you need the IP address for that mask;...
  • Страница 167Installing NetManage’s Chameleon TCP/IP software IMPORTANT You must not have MacTCP installed when you run DOS TCP/IP software; the two...
  • Страница 168 To install Chameleon from Windows: 1 In the Program Manager, choose Run from the File menu. 2 Type A:\SETUP....
  • Страница 16910 Modify the NET.CFG file. A sample modified file is shown below. Note the addition of the Protocol statements in...
  • Страница 170 Restarting Windows 1 Restart the PC environment. 2 Start Windows. You see the Chameleon group window. Testing the installation...
  • Страница 171Installing Windows for Workgroups To support networking with your DOS-compatibility hardware, you need to install software that supports ODI (Open...
  • Страница 172 If your computer is using a VGA driver, and your Air Series software is version 3.0, you need to...
  • Страница 173 To install Air Series from Windows: 1 In the Program Manager, open the File menu and choose Run. 2...
  • Страница 174 7 Restart the PC environment. 8 Log into the network and start Windows. You should now see the Air...
  • Страница 175Installing Mosaic IMPORTANT You must not have MacTCP installed when you run DOS TCP/IP software; the two will conflict with...
  • Страница 176 6 In the New Program Object dialog box, select Program Item. 7 Fill in the Program Item Properties dialog...
  • Страница 177 If you can’t find what you’re looking for in this index, look in Macintosh Guide— available in the Guide...
  • Страница 178 application programs, Macintosh 36–38 AUTOEXEC.BAT file activating 13 bypassing at startup 120 active, identifying 13, 37 installing 116 additional,...
  • Страница 179C cedilla, typing, in Macintosh environment 152 cables Chameleon TCP/IP software 159–163 checking keyboard 91 characters checking mouse 90 special...
  • Страница 180 commands control panels assigning to function keys 150 compatibility problems with 89 shortcuts for 27–28, 149, 150 Easy Access...
  • Страница 181diacritical marks, typing, in Macintosh DOS disks environment 152 reading in Macintosh environment dialog boxes 81 87, 108 dial-up service,...
  • Страница 182 Enter key 150 files Epson print drivers, limitations of 58, 60 backing up 38–39 erasing editing DOS 118 drive...
  • Страница 183 restarting PC environment from Guide menu 13, 15, 17. See also Balloon 46, 49 Help; Macintosh Guide window Sound...
  • Страница 184 headphone jack 29 Finder 37 sound output port 30 hard disk 9, 13, 86 headphones, listening to PC sounds...
  • Страница 185installing system software 111–116 light, power-on 10, 29 DOS-compatibility software 111–117 LOADHIGH (LH) command, in Macintosh (Mac OS) 103–104, 112...
  • Страница 186 Macintosh PC Exchange control panel memory. See also random-access 92, 93 memory (RAM); Single Inline installing 112 Memory Modules...
  • Страница 187monitor cable 5 network management software 153–168 monitor port 30 Air Series TCP/IP 163–166 Mosaic software 167–168 Chameleon TCP/IP 159–163...
  • Страница 188 P reinstalling system software for 111–117 PageUp and PageDown keys in PC reinstalling video drivers for 120 environment 49...
  • Страница 189performance in PC environment printer port 30 games, multimedia, and MIDI troubleshooting, in Macintosh programs 56 environment 65 network 56...
  • Страница 190 R restoring information on hard disk 39 Return key 150 radio and television interference vii right mouse button, simulating,...
  • Страница 191SCSI devices Single Inline Memory Modules (SIMMs) ID numbers on 95 34. See also memory; random- terminating chain of 95...
  • Страница 192 standby power button (on/off switch) System Folder 2, 30 disk copy warning 36 starting PC environment 43 do not...
  • Страница 193title bar (windows) 13 troubleshooting in Macintosh tone, computer startup 2 environment 79–104. See also Topics button (Macintosh Guide troubleshooting...
  • Страница 194 troubleshooting in PC environment TSR (Terminate and Stay Resident) 105–120. See also programs 68 troubleshooting turning off computer 14...
  • Страница 195V VCR, video input card for 30 ventilation 127, 128 very low frequency (VLF) emissions 125 VGA monitor 56 videocassette...
  • Страница 196The Apple Publishing System This Apple manual was written, edited, and produced on a desktop publishing system using Apple Macintosh...